Description of back pain

Are you living with back pain? You are not alone. Many people suffer from a variety of back problems, ranging from minor pain to severe chronic pain. Back pain can have many causes, but the good news is that there are treatments for your back pain which can help relieve your discomfort and improve your quality of life. In this article, we will take an in-depth look at the different types of back pain, discover their causes, and provide some tips for effectively managing and treating this condition. If you're ready to learn more about managing and treating back pain, let's get started!

The TAGMED Clinic is here to help you manage your back pain. Our trained staff offers accurate assessments and treatments tailored to your condition that can help reduce pain and symptoms. We also offer tips and resources to help you manage your pain on a daily basis. By working with us, you can take the necessary steps to regain your well-being.

What differentiates the TAGMED Clinic from other clinics is its ability to recognize that there are several causes of back pain and that to obtain the best possible results, you must adapt a personalized treatment according to the cause of your back pain. .

For example, back pain caused by poor pelvic alignment will not be treated in the same way as back pain caused by a herniated disc.

Symptoms of back pain

Back pain can be a minor nuisance or debilitating. Symptoms vary greatly from person to person and depending on the region affected, although some common signs of back pain include muscle tension, stabbing sensations, limited mobility, burning sensations and pain. persistent. Depending on the severity of back pain, symptoms may worsen with prolonged standing or certain postures and body movements. In some cases, back pain can even radiate to the back of the legs; This is called sciatica. If back pain becomes unbearable or significantly affects daily activities and quality of life, you should consult us as quickly as possible.

Back pain symptoms in general:

  • Muscle tension
  • Stabbing sensation
  • Limited mobility
  • Burning sensations
  • Difficulty performing daily activities
  • Poor quality of life due to back pain
  • Pain that may worsen after prolonged sitting or after certain movements and postures
  • Pain that can radiate to the buttocks, legs and feet
  • Contracture or radiating pain in the lower back


Back pain symptoms located in the upper back (upper back pain): concerns a region located between the last cervical vertebra and the tips of the shoulder blades.

  • Pain point along the spine (possibly an anteriorly displaced and/or rotated vertebra)
  • Weakness in the upper extremities (arms) or numbness
  • Numbness, tingling or pins and needles in the middle of the back
  • T4 syndrome: an often overlooked condition that can cause a range of unusual symptoms such as numbness in the hands, neck pain, headaches, discomfort in the shoulder blades and arms. Despite its seemingly strange manifestations – ranging from swollen or stiff hands to a chest wall tension – it usually results from activities (such as starting a new job) that disrupt the normal routine and destabilize the sympathetic nervous system. This complex neurological interaction is manifested by extreme pain around the T4 vertebrae area as well as more specific sensations, such as a feeling of heaviness in the arms!
Maux De Dos Clinique Tagmed Montréal Terrebonne

Back Pain – Upper Back

Maux De Dos Clinique Tagmed Montréal Terrebonne

Back pain – T4 syndrome

Symptoms of back pain located at middle of the back (back pain)

  • Pain point along the spine (possibly an anteriorly displaced and/or rotated vertebra)
  • Painful point in the shoulder blade (possibly radiating pain from a problem originating in the neck)
  • Point at a rib
  • Persistent, stabbing pain in the middle of the back
  • Difficulty standing up straight
  • Pain radiating into the chest area
  • Muscle cramps
  • Numbness, tingling or pins and needles in the middle of the back
  • Radiant pain along a rib that can go all the way to the sternum (sensation of a dagger going through the rib cage)
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Increased pain when you move or cough
Maux De Dos Clinique Tagmed Montréal Terrebonne

Back Pain – Mid Back

Symptoms of back pain in the region of the low back (low back pain)

  • Pain halfway between the mid-back (between the shoulder blades) and the lower back (lumbar region)
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Belly pain
  • Diffuse pain that radiates to the lower back
Maux De Dos Clinique Tagmed Montréal Terrebonne

Back pain – Lower back

Back Pain Symptoms lower back (low back pain)

  • Pain radiating to the back of the legs (sciatic pain or sciatica)
  • Radiating pain down the side or front of the leg (cruralgia)
  • Pain radiating to the hip
  • Pain radiating to the groin
  • Pain radiating to the buttock
  • Inability to stand for long periods due to pain
  • Feeling unsteady when walking or standing
  • Weakness in the lower extremities (legs) or numbness
  • Lower back pain from sitting to standing
Maux De Dos Clinique Tagmed Montréal Terrebonne

Back Pain – Lower Back

If you experience any of these symptoms, it is important to see us immediately to see if you need treatment. We will evaluate your medical history, perform a physical evaluation, and may order imaging (X-ray, MRI, or SCAN) or laboratory tests to determine the cause of your back pain.


Causes of back pain

The cause of back pain can be difficult to determine, as there are many possible sources. Common causes include misalignment of the vertebrae or pelvis, herniated disc, bulging disc, pinched disc, arthritis, osteoarthritis, strained muscles or ligaments, sprain, fibromyalgia, degenerative disc disease and scoliosis. Other possible causes include an infection or tumor of the spine, spinal stenosis (narrowing of the pathways for nerves to pass through), a subluxated rib, and spondylolisthesis (slippage of the vertebrae).

It is important to identify the cause of your back pain in order to determine the best possible treatment. Our staff may order certain tests to help establish the cause of your back pain, such as an X-ray, MRI or CT scan. Our extensive experience and skills allow us to guide you towards the best possible treatment, linked to the cause of your pain which we have assessed.


In addition, back pain is a common condition with many possible causes. Depending on the source of the back pain, various musculoskeletal conditions may be responsible.

List of common causes of back pain:

  • misaligned vertebra
  • degenerative disc disease (pinched disc)
  • bulging of the disc
  • herniated disc
  • stenosis foraminal
  • spinal stenosis
  • displaced pelvis
  • displaced rib


Any of these problems can put pressure on the nerves, causing back pain. These conditions are often the result of regular wear and tear on our body's structures over time, or an acute back injury resulting from strain or a fall. It is important to consult us when back pain becomes chronic in order to try to understand the root cause and develop an action plan that could help regain long-term health and mobility.


Do I have muscular back pain?

Les muscles sont souvent suggérés comme étant la cause de vos maux de dos! Mais, serait-il possible qu’en réalité, c’est rarement le cas ? Sachez que votre corps veille toujours sur vous – même en cas de blessure. Lorsqu’une zone de votre corps telle que votre dos a été blessée, les nerfs qui le ressentent envoient un message qui déclenche une tension dans les muscles voisins afin de «bander» l’endroit blessé et de se protéger contre d’autres dommages. Cette réponse naturelle connue sous le nom de garde musculaire peut aider à protéger vos blessures jusqu’à ce qu’elles puissent guérir correctement ! Ce processus naturel d’attelle permet donc de limiter les dommages supplémentaires – des mécanismes d’autodéfense vraiment impressionnants en action ! Vous comprenez maintenant qu’il y a presque toujours des contractions musculaires autour de la région douloureuse de votre dos et que ces contractions sont la conséquence et non la cause de vos maux de dos. Par contre, si vous jardinez toute la journée (ou après un entraînement au gym) et que quelques heures après vous vous sentez courbaturé et avez donc mal au dos, il y a de grandes chances que les muscles de votre dos causent votre douleur. Les claquages ou entorse musculaires de grade 1 sont fréquents après ce type d’activité et sont généralement causés par un étirement de la zone affectée. Mais il ne faut pas s’inquiéter – cela signifie simplement qu’une structure musculaire particulière a été légèrement étirée sans aucune déchirure.


Once again, it takes great skill and experience to enable a healthcare professional to differentiate between a muscle spasm secondary to an underlying back pathology versus a muscle injury. At the TAGMED clinic, we know how to determine the cause of your pain or muscle spasms with great precision, based on the mechanism of action of your injury, your health history (by asking yourself the right questions), a good evaluation and medical imaging (X-rays, MRI, or ultrasound) if necessary. A back muscle injury is not treated in the same way as a herniated disc accompanied by muscle spasm!

Diagnosis of back pain

Diagnosing back pain can be difficult because the root cause often remains a mystery. To make a diagnosis, healthcare professionals typically ask patients about their symptoms and lifestyle habits, perform a physical exam to check for signs of tenderness and tension in the back area, assess a history medical and existing medications, and order imaging tests if necessary. Properly assessing back pain is critical to getting proper treatment because several distinct causes, ranging from stress or poor posture to vertebrae or disc problems, can be the cause of pain in this zone. Understanding what's causing a person's specific back pain can help them move forward with the best possible treatment plan.


To do the right treatment, you need to know how:

  • Differentiate acute back pain from chronic back pain
  • Differentiate between common spinal pain and spinal pain symptomatic of another condition
  • Identify possible radicular pain (pain radiating along the path of a nerve), myofascial pain, bursitis or sacroiliac joint dysfunction. Radiating pain that spreads throughout the area of your body associated with an inflamed nerve root is an indication of something more serious (herniated disc, pinched disc, bulging disc, foraminal stenosis, etc.). It is important to have this type of discomfort examined by a healthcare professional at the TAGMED clinic in order to rule out any underlying cause and begin treatment if necessary.
  • Identify if it is back pain caused by herniated disc or another underlying pathology (disc narrowing, disc bulging, foraminal stenosis, spinal stenosis, etc.).


«S’assurer que ces informations sont prises en compte peut faire la différence dans la recherche du traitement idéal pour toute personne souffrant de mal de dos. À la clinique TAGMED, nous avons les compétences et l’expérience nous permettant de vous offrir un traitement précis pour votre sorte de maux de dos en particulier.»
Also rest assured that we will refer you to a specialist if your condition requires it!


Difficulty diagnosing back pain in the dorsal region

Back pain is a common symptom and often difficult to diagnose. Often, problems like pancreatic cancer or gastrointestinal ulcers are responsible for dull or sharp pain in the mid-back area. Apart from these diseases, other causes such as lung and heart conditions or even bone metastases, or shingles can cause a person to experience many levels of middorsal interscapular agony! Because the potential cause of this type of discomfort varies greatly from patient to patient, it is important for your healthcare provider to ask thoughtful questions and seek further testing if necessary.


Discovering the subtleties of back pain is not an easy task, but a precise and detailed examination allows it to be decoded. For health professionals to be able to paint a complete picture of the situation, questions must be asked such as the age of onset of the disease, the location of the discomfort, the sensations of radiation to other areas such as the neck or the arms, and from which route?


Additionally, back pain is a common complaint encountered in clinics that treat the spine, usually without other obvious signs or symptoms of a serious condition. However, recent research has challenged the idea that back pain alone is an indicator of serious spinal pathology. Although thoracic back pain is often considered a warning sign, it has been shown that the majority of cases presenting with thoracic back pain alone have no pathological cause. As such, thoracic back pain should not be considered an automatic indication of a serious underlying condition.


General rules regarding back pain assessments:

  • Static and dynamic palpation allows us to detect the movement of vertebrae, ribs and pelvic bones.
  • A disc problem (herniated disc, bulging disc or pinched disc) cannot be palpated using the hands because of the location and depth where the discs are anatomically located.
  • The radiography allows you to see alignment of the spine in general and the movement of the vertebrae or the pelvis in particular. It also makes it possible to detect a disc pinch (degenerative disc disease or disc compression, corresponds to a thinning of an intervertebral disc): we are talking about a disc that is suffering from desiccation or dehydration. We cannot see a herniated disc on the X-ray! On the other hand, we can visualize thefacet arthrosis and stenosis foraminal.
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) can see disc herniation, disc protrusion, disc bulge and spinal stenosis: these problems cannot be seen on ordinary x-rays.
  • Acute low back pain is a common condition, but it usually goes away with time and conservative treatment. In most cases, the diagnostic imaging tests provide no additional benefit and give no indication of treatment results after four to six weeks, unless signs of serious pathology are present. To help recover quickly from this type of discomfort, it is best to begin appropriate treatment right away.
  • Patients suffering from low back pain (whether acute, subacute or chronic) are potential candidates for MRI if their symptoms have not responded favorably to conservative treatments in manual therapy after 4 to 6 weeks. Lmagnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can help diagnose the cause of radiculopathy and spinal stenosis to determine the correct course of treatment.
  • Trauma patients with risk of fracture spinal cord must be subject to radiological evaluation in order to be taken care of properly.
  • There is a very subtle scale of severity regarding disc herniation: a small disc herniation (1 or 2 mm) could be symptomatic only occasionally, after exercise, and its symptoms or pain only last 2 or 3 days. It is necessary to know how to judge the presence of a symptomatic disc herniation by its clinical presentation and by confirmation made by magnetic resonance. The diagnosis of medical imaging is ALWAYS made by the doctor specializing in medical imaging (radiologist).


Treatment of back pain

At the TAGMED clinic, back pain is treated with the greatest care and attention. Our back pain experts will assess your condition to create a personalized treatment plan that works best for you. Whether you are suffering from acute back pain due to an accident or long-term back pain caused by injury or other medical conditions, our healthcare professionals will provide you with the right back pain treatments. more efficient and tailored to your needs. We understand that back pain can seriously disrupt your life, and we strive to ensure that our patients receive the highest quality back pain treatment available. Find relief today and make an appointment at the TAGMED clinic!


We offer the following treatments for back pain:

  • Manual therapy: Manual therapy, such as osteopathy, is very effective for recent, minor back pain without radiating pain or numbness in the arms or legs.
  • Neurovertebral decompression: vertebral decompression is of unequaled effectiveness for disc problems such as herniated discs, bulging discs and disc pinching or for facet osteoarthritis.
  • Traction: Manual traction (e.g. COX technique) is very useful in combination with manual therapy for recent, minor back pain without radiating pain or numbness of the arms or legs.
  • Laser therapy: Laser therapy can relieve some superficial back pain.
  • Shockwave therapy: Shockwave is useful for treating trigger points but is not a treatment for back pain in general.


Type of back pain Manual treatment Spinal Decompression Treatment
Acute back pain X
Chronic back pain
Pain between the shoulder blades X
Sciatica X
Herniated disc X


Different risks and possible side effects associated with the treatment of back pain

Treating back pain is no easy feat; it carries many risks and possible side effects. It is essential to understand all aspects of treatment before committing to a particular path, as poor treatment can lead to more severe pain down the road. It is therefore important to obtain appropriate and timely advice from a healthcare professional when attempting to treat back pain. Depending on the treatment plan chosen, some possible side effects may include numbness or tingling in the affected area, fatigue, increased inflammation, or headache. However, these are just some of the potential risks that should be understood before beginning treatment for back pain.


Should I do my Google Doctor?

Avec un nombre croissant de patients qui font des recherches en ligne sur le traitement du mal de dos, les risques de «cyberchondrie» sont devenus une préoccupation croissante. Contrairement à la croyance populaire, cela ne signifie pas qu’Internet est rempli d’informations indignes de confiance et trompeuses. Cependant, c’est au thérapeute du patient de profiter de ces opportunités en le familiarisant avec le traitement du mal de dos disponible, ainsi qu’en engageant leurs patients dans des discussions sur ce qu’ils recherchent comme information sur le web. Ce faisant, nous pouvons fournir à nos patients des informations précises sur le traitement du mal de dos et les aider à prendre des décisions éclairées en matière de diagnostic et de traitement. Dans l’ordre, consulter nous d’abord et faites vos recherches sur Google une fois que vous serez certain de la nature de votre condition de santé. Vous éviterez ainsi de vous auto-diagnostiquer incorrectement, vous imposer des souffrance psychologiques (cyberchondrie) inutiles et vous éviterez aggraver votre condition en suivant des conseils inappropriés à votre condition.

You will understand that treating back pain is a complex process that should only be undertaken in consultation with a competent healthcare professional. Although back pain can often be successfully treated with stretches and exercises, it is important to recognize that advice that does not take your individual situation into account may be poorly suited to your condition. Untreated back pain can have long-term consequences, so it is best to approach the treatment of back pain delicately and cautiously. The well-being of your back should never be left to chance or the advice of non-professionals, as the wrong approach or even the right exercises performed incorrectly can lead to potential injury or exacerbate problems. Rather, you should always consult a back specialist to treat your own back or any other chronic back pain.

In summary, it can be difficult to decide whether or not to do your own research online before visiting Clinique TAGMED. On the one hand, it is best to discuss back pain treatment with an experienced healthcare professional who can give you all the information you need to make an informed decision. But on the other hand, it is hard to resist temptation de faire ce que l’on appelle communément «le docteur Google» lorsque la douleur affecte notre vie quotidienne. Ce qu’il faut retenir, c’est que vous devez toujours prendre les informations trouvées en ligne avec un grain de sel, et ne jamais hésiter à nous contacter si vous avez d’autres questions.

Maux De Dos Clinique Tagmed Montréal Terrebonne

Patient trying to self-diagnose on Google


Published research/studies in Spinal Decompression Therapy


Download the research that has been published regarding spinal decompression therapy:


Maux De Dos Clinique Tagmed Montréal Terrebonne


FREE special report on spinal decompression to download

Maux De Dos Clinique Tagmed Montréal Terrebonne


To find out more about non-surgical spinal decompression therapy, please visit our specialized websites:



Préparations au traitement de vos maux de dos

  • Book your appointment online or contact our staff at the TAGMED clinic to book your appointment by phone.
  • Before going to the TAGMED clinic in Montreal or Terrebonne for your first treatment, there are some things you should absolutely do. First, make sure you have your medical imaging reports (X-ray, MRI, or ultrasound) available.
  • Also, make sure you are aware of the various possible risks and side effects associated with treatment at Tagmed Clinic. You should also take all necessary measures (ex. Apply ice to the inflamed area to ensure that your body is ready for further treatment.
  • Also, make sure you are aware of the various possible risks and side effects associated with treatment at Tagmed Clinic. You should also take all necessary measures (ex. Apply ice to the inflamed area to ensure that your body is ready for further treatment.
  • Finally, if you were unable to complete our form, as mentioned above, arrive 15 minutes before your appointment time to ensure you have enough time to discuss your condition, make the assessment and your treatment.

To be completed before your consultation at TAGMED clinic

Download, print and complete this questionnaire (your health history), before consulting us, in order to save time. (Click on the tablet!)


1150 rue Levis, suite 200, Terrebonne, QC, J6W 5S6
 (450) 704-4447


1140 ave Beaumont, Mont-Royal, QC, H3P 3E5