Understand the difference between a bulging disc and a herniated disc



For people who suffer from back pain, bulging disc and herniated disc can be a real source of concern. It is important to understand the difference between these two pathologies in order to be able to make an informed decision about the treatment to follow. In this text, we will see what are the bulges disc and herniated discs, their causes and symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment options for each condition, and how they differ from each other.

If you suffer from back or neck caused by a bulging of the disc and you're looking for solutions, you may have discovered the spinal decompression. This type of treatment uses a table of traction is controlled by a computer to reduce the pressure on the spine, which allows for greater mobility, less pain and better posture. But what is it and how does it work there ? Let's explore the benefits of the Spinal decompression therapy and let's see how it can help individuals who are seeking relief from back pain or neck.


Bulging Disc Tagmed Clinic Montreal Terrebonne

Bulging of the disc


What is a bulging disc ?

A bulging disc is a mild form of disc degeneration. It occurs when the kernel mou is located at the center of an intervertebral disc protrudes beyond its normal limits. The bulging of the disc is a common cause of back pain, often called slip or disc protrusion. It occurs when the soft matter in the inside of a disc pushes against its outer wall is robust, which causes it to swell and put pressure on the nearby nerves. This phenomenon is often due to the wear and tear of the spine due to age or trauma. Common symptoms of a bulging disc is a localized pain in the lower back, pain that radiates into one or both legs, numbness or tingling in the legs and muscle weakness in the affected area.


Diagnosis and treatment options for a bulging disc

To diagnose a bulging disc, your doctor may order an MRI to obtain detailed pictures of your spine. A physical examination may also help to determine if there is a compression of the nerve roots, or other problems requiring evaluation or further treatment. The treatment options for bulges disc usually involve methods of conservative and like the rest, manual therapy (e.g. osteopathy), medications, injections in the affected area to reduce inflammation and the treatment of spinal decompression. Surgery is rarely necessary, but may be recommended if the conservative treatments do not provide any relief after several months.


Bulging Disc Tagmed Clinic Montreal Terrebonne

MRI to diagnose a bulging of the disc


What is a herniated disc ?

A herniated disc occurs when a part of the soft matter of the nucleus inside the disc vertebral crosses its outer covering (annulus) to the result of trauma or degenerative changes over time. This can cause pressure on nearby nerves or the spinal cord, which produces symptoms such as back pain localized that radiates into one or both legs, and numbness or tingling in these areas. Muscle weakness may also occur. Moreover, the same phenomenon and the same symptoms may occur in the neck and the arms.


Diagnosis and treatment options for herniated discs

The diagnosis of a herniated disc usually involves an MRI scan and a thorough physical examination by your health care professional. Depending on the severity of the symptoms and the location of the lesion, the treatment options may include rest and anti-inflammatory drugs, osteopathy, steroid injections épiduraux, manipulations of the spine and/or pelvis, decompression, disc herniation, surgical techniques and minimally invasive such as microdiscectomy or open surgery is the traditional, such as lumbar fusion if the treatments most conservatives do not provide a sufficient relief after several months.


Comparison between a bulging disc and herniated disc

Although the bulging of the disc and the herniated disc may cause similar symptoms, such as low-back pain radiating into one or both legs, as well as numbness or tingling in these areas, they have different causes and thus require a diagnosis and treatment options are different. A bulging disc is usually due to the wear and tear of the spine, age-related, while a herniated disc is often caused by trauma or injury to the zone because of an uprising incorrect heavy objects or force sudden (like during a sporting activity). Therefore, it is important to diagnose correctly before starting any type of treatment plan, in order to know exactly what problem you're facing and what steps need to be taken to a management/treatment to be effective.


What you need to know about the protrusion and the degeneration of intervertebral disks

The protrusion and the degeneration of intervertebral disks are two common causes of back and neck pain. The disc protrusion occurs when an intervertebral disc is pushed out of its normal position, often due to trauma or injury. The protrusions of the intervertebral disc may seem similar to hernias, but they are in fact very different. In the case of a protrusion, the entire surface of the intervertebral disc is convex uniformly to the outside, whereas in the case of a hernia, the pressure is more concentrated as a part of the core moves outward. Disc degeneration occurs when the discs of the spine start to deteriorate due to age or wear. Both these conditions can be painful, but fortunately, there are treatments to relieve the symptoms. Let us examine in more detail the symptoms, risk factors, diagnosis, and treatment of these disorders.


Symptoms of the protrusion/disc degeneration

The most common symptoms of the protrusion/disc degeneration are pain in the neck, back, shoulders and arms (the same thing for the lower back, buttocks and legs), numbness or tingling in the extremities and weakness in the affected areas. These symptoms can range from mild to severe depending on the severity of the condition.

The bulging of the disc, a disorder of the intervertebral disc in which the nucleus protrudes into or beyond the fibrotic ring, is a major cause of neck pain and low back. The symptoms of a bulging disc can go from a sensation of muscular tension to a searing pain radiating to the members (in some cases as important as those encountered with the herniated disc).


Causes of bulging of the disc

Many causes can lead to a bulging of the disc, including physical stress or injury, obesity, smoking, poor posture, inactivity, etc, lack of exercise and aging, which leads to increased wear of the spine over time. It can also be caused by an underlying medical problem, such as scoliosis or spondylolisthesis, which creates an imbalance in the body and causes disc degeneration more important with time.


Diagnosis of the protrusion/disc degeneration

If you experience any of the symptoms mentioned above, it is important to consult a health professional to get a correct diagnosis. It most likely will have a physical exam and imaging tests such as x-rays, an MRI, or a ct SCAN to determine if you have a protrusion/disc degeneration.


Treatment of protrusion/disc degeneration

Once we have determined that you are suffering from a protrusion or disc degeneration, we will recommend treatment options based on your individual needs. The most common treatments are conservative treatments such as spinal decompression, osteopathy, cold therapy, medications such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS), muscle relaxants, or corticosteroids, lifestyle changes, and surgery if conservative treatments fail to bring relief. It is important to discuss with your health care professional's treatment plan that's best for you to help relieve your pain quickly and get the best possible results.

The bulging disc is a condition usually current that can be supported by treatments Spinal decompression therapy. Depending on the severity of the bulging of the disc and associated symptoms, your health care professional will recommend a customized treatment plan to reduce pain and improve mobility.



Bulging Disc Tagmed Clinic Montreal Terrebonne

Treatment of decompression neurovertébrale to bulging of the disc


What is the spinal decompression non-surgical ?

The spinal decompression non-surgical procedure is an effective treatment option, for the bulging of the disc, which uses a table of traction robot to gently stretch the spine in order to reduce the internal pressure of the intervertebral disc, and thus reduce the compression of spinal nerves or the spinal cord. This treatment also helps to realign the spine, improve range of motion, reduce inflammation, and eliminate the back pain or neck chronicles caused by the bulging of the disc.


How it works there ?

The patient is lying on a table, decompression specially designed that applies a gentle force of axial tension on the spine by means of straps attached to each side of the body. The amount of force applied can be adjusted according to the severity of the condition being treated and can last between 15 and 20 minutes. During this period, patients do not typically experience any pain. After each session, patients are encouraged to take rest periods in between treatments to allow their body time to heal and adjust to their new posture.


A Guide to the understanding of the terms related to disk

The terms relating to the records as normal disks, disk bulging, cracks annular, disc herniations, foraminal contained and protrusions disc compared to the extrusions can seem daunting. However, these terms are not as confusing when they are broken down and explained. Take a look at some of the terms most commonly encountered on the disks and their meaning.


Herniated disc

A herniated disc occurs when the nucleus of the intervertebral disc (nucleus pulposus) passes through the outer wall (annulus fibrosus). This phenomenon may be caused by a trauma or repeated stress on the spine during an extended period of time. When a herniated disc is serious enough to put pressure on a nerve root in the spine, it can cause a radiating pain into an arm or a leg, or both. It may also cause numbness, tingling and/or weakness in an arm or a leg or both, depending on where it is located along the spine.


Hernias contained

The hernias contained are similar to herniated discs, but differ in that the material mating is entirely contained in the outer wall of the intervertebral disc. As for the other forms of pathology of disc, the condition can cause pain radiating down an arm or leg or in both, as well as numbness, tingling and/or weakness in an arm or a leg or both, depending on where it occurs along the spine.


Protrusions disc and extrusions

We talk about disc protrusion lorsqu’une partie d’un disque intervertébral s’étend au-delà de ses limites normales mais reste attachée à sa structure parentale, tandis qu’une extrusion se produit lorsqu’une partie d’un disque intervertébral se détache complètement de sa structure parentale. Une extrusion est souvent appelée «glissement» du disque, car une partie de celui-ci a «glissé» d’entre deux vertèbres tout en restant à l’intérieur du canal rachidien. Ces deux affections peuvent provoquer une douleur irradiant dans un bras ou une jambe ou dans les deux, ainsi qu’un engourdissement, des picotements et/ou une faiblesse dans un bras ou une jambe ou dans les deux, selon l’endroit où ils se produisent le long de votre colonne vertébrale.


Four (4) Stages to the herniated disc

There are four stages to this injury, namely:

  1. Bulging of the disc
  2. disc protrusion: disc dehydrated, flattened beyond the contour of the vertebra. 
  3. extrusion disc herniation
  4. Sequestration disc

The victims of protrusion and prolapse undergoing hernia incomplete while extrusions and sequestrations are the result of hernias complete.



Bulges and disc herniations are both common causes of back pain chronic, but there are significant differences between them that need to be taken into consideration during the establishment of any type of diagnosis and the treatment options that are appropriate for each condition. A diagnosis by a medical imaging (MRI or ct) scans, associated with proper care, it will help you recover from one or the other of these conditions, with no subsequent complications ! It is important not only for the treatment of acute episodes, but also for the long-term management of the health and well-being in general !


The spinal decompression offers a safe solution for people who are seeking relief from their back pain or neck chronicles without resorting to more invasive treatments such as surgery, injections, or medications. Using techniques of Spinal decompression therapy soft, combined with periods of rest in between treatments, this type of therapy has helped countless people to find relief for their symptoms while restoring the balance of postural alignment overall their body. However, before you start a programme for the treatment of decompression, our health professionals will be able to determine if this type of therapy is right for you and that it can be performed safely, based on your history, symptoms, results of brain scans and your evaluation.


Published research/studies in Spinal Decompression Therapy


Download the research that has been published regarding spinal decompression therapy:


Bulging Disc Tagmed Clinic Montreal Terrebonne


FREE special report on spinal decompression to download

Bulging Disc Tagmed Clinic Montreal Terrebonne


To find out more about non-surgical spinal decompression therapy, please visit our specialized websites:



Preparations for Neurovertebral Decompression Treatment for Disc Bulging

  • Book your appointment online or contact our staff at the TAGMED clinic to book your appointment by phone.
  • Before going to the TAGMED clinic in Montreal or Terrebonne for your first treatment, there are some things you should absolutely do. First, make sure you have your medical imaging reports (X-ray, MRI, or ultrasound) available.
  • Also, make sure you are aware of the various possible risks and side effects associated with treatment at Tagmed Clinic. You should also take all necessary measures (ex. Apply ice to the inflamed area to ensure that your body is ready for further treatment.
  • Also, make sure you are aware of the various possible risks and side effects associated with treatment at Tagmed Clinic. You should also take all necessary measures (ex. Apply ice to the inflamed area to ensure that your body is ready for further treatment.
  • Finally, if you were unable to complete our form, as mentioned above, arrive 15 minutes before your appointment time to ensure you have enough time to discuss your condition, make the assessment and your treatment.

To be completed before your consultation at TAGMED clinic

Download, print and complete this questionnaire (your health history), before consulting us, in order to save time. (Click on the tablet!)


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