Disc pathologies of the cervical spine (neck): disc bulge, disc narrowing, disc herniation or disc protrusion and their treatments

Disc pathologies of the cervical spine (neck): disc bulge, disc narrowing, disc herniation or disc protrusion and their treatments

La colonne cervicale est une structure complexe et essentielle de notre corps qui supporte la tête et protège la moelle épinière. Elle est constituée de vertèbres, de disques intervertébraux et de ligaments. Les pathologies discales cervicales sont fréquentes et peuvent engendrer des douleurs cervicales, des raideurs et des symptômes neurologiques. Parmi les pathologies discales courantes, on compte le bombement discal, le pincement discal et la hernie discale ou la protrusion discale. Dans cet article, nous explorerons ces différentes pathologies et leurs traitements possibles, en mettant l’accent sur la Spinal decompression therapy.


Cervical disc pathologies: definitions and symptoms

  1. Disc bulge :
    • Deformation of the intervertebral disc without rupture of the fibrous annulus
    • Symptoms: neck pain, stiffness, radiating to the shoulders, arms or head
  2. Disc pinch :
    • Reduction of the space between two vertebrae due to wear of the intervertebral disc
    • Symptoms: neck pain and stiffness, headache, radiating pain
  3. Disc protrusion or herniation :
    • Displacement of the gelatinous core of the intervertebral disc with deformation of the fibrous ring without rupture
    • Symptoms: severe neck pain, muscle weakness, numbness, tingling sensation in arms and hands

Anatomical model of vertebra with intervertebral hernia


Risk factors for cervical disc pathologies

  • Advanced age
  • Overweight
  • Sedentary work
  • Trauma (car accidents, falls, etc.)
  • Practice of impact sports (rugby, American football, etc.)
  • Family history of disc problems


Treatments for cervical disc pathologies

Here is a comparative table of the different treatments for cervical disc pathologies, emphasizing neurovertebral decompression:

Treatments Efficiency Benefits Disadvantages
Spinal decompression Very effective Non-invasive, fast relief, tissue healing Requires multiple sessions, cost
Osteopathy Effective Global approach, prevention of recurrences Less specific for disc pathologies
Medicines (anti-inflammatories, analgesics) Temporarily effective Easy to reach, fast relief Side effects, addiction, ineffective in the long term
Injections (corticosteroids) Temporarily effective Quick relief Risks of infection, side effects, cost



Disc pathologies in the cervical spine are common conditions that can cause significant pain and discomfort. Disc bulging, disc pinching and disc herniation or disc protrusion are the most common disc pathologies and present similar symptoms.

Neurovertebral decompression is a very effective non-surgical treatment for these pathologies. It provides rapid pain relief, heals damaged tissue and reduces the risk of recurrence. Compared to other treatments, spinal decompression offers many advantages, including its non-invasiveness, its ability to specifically target disc problems, and its ease of adaptation on a case-by-case basis.

It is important to consult a health professional as soon as symptoms appear to benefit from an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment. At the same time, adopting a healthy lifestyle, in particular by regularly practicing appropriate physical activity and maintaining a healthy weight, contributes to the prevention of cervical disc pathologies.