Foot pain


Introduction to Foot Pain

Definition and Prevalence of Foot Pain

Foot pain is a common condition that affects a wide range of people, regardless of their age or activity level. It can range from mild discomfort to severe pain, affecting mobility and quality of life. The feet, complex and used daily, are subject to various forms of pain due to their structure composed of numerous bones, ligaments, tendons and muscles.


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Understanding the Functions of the Foot

The foot plays a crucial role in supporting body weight, mobility and balance. It acts as an anchor point, shock absorber and lever for movement. Foot health is therefore essential for daily activities, such as walking, running and maintaining balance.


Impact of Foot Pain

Foot pain can have a significant impact on daily life. It may limit the ability to walk, stand, or participate in sports activities. Additionally, chronic foot pain can lead to compensations in posture and gait, which can in turn cause pain in other parts of the body, such as the knees, hips, and back.


Importance of Accurate Assessment and Diagnosis

Accurate assessment is crucial for effective treatment of foot pain. This often involves a detailed physical examination, gait analysis, and, if necessary, imaging studies. Understanding the underlying cause of pain is essential to developing a suitable and effective treatment plan.


Common Causes of Foot Pain

Sports Injuries

Sports injuries are a common cause of foot pain. They can include stress fractures, sprains, ligament tears and tendinitis. These injuries often occur in athletes or people engaged in strenuous physical activities, resulting from overexertion, repetitive movements, or direct trauma.


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Medical Conditions

Several medical conditions can cause foot pain. Arthritis, for example, causes inflammation and stiffness, often affecting the joints of the foot. Diabetes can cause peripheral neuropathy, leading to pain, tingling or numbness. Other conditions like gout or infections can also affect the feet.


Posture and Biomechanical Problems

Biomechanical imbalances, such as flat foot or a high arch, can lead to uneven weight distribution across the feet, causing pain and fatigue. Likewise, poor posture or misalignment of the foot and ankle can increase the risk of injury and pain.


Daily Wear

Daily wear and tear is a common cause of foot pain. This may be caused by using inappropriate shoes, prolonged standing, or excessive walking. These factors can lead to muscle fatigue, joint pain, and problems like bunions, calluses, and corns.


Foot Conditions: Symptoms and Causes

Plantar Fasciitis

  • Symptoms : Sharp pain under the heel or along the arch of the foot, often felt in the morning or after periods of rest.
  • Causes : Overwork of the plantar fascia, often due to being overweight, intense physical activity, or inadequate shoes.

Diabetic Neuropathy

  • Symptoms : Pain, tingling, or numbness in the feet. Sensitivity may be reduced, increasing the risk of undetected injuries.
  • Causes : High blood sugar levels associated with diabetes, damaging peripheral nerves.

Hallux Valgus (Bunion)

  • Symptoms : Deformation and pain in the big toe, accompanied by a bony bump.
  • Causes : Genetic factors, narrow or high-heeled shoes, and certain rheumatic conditions.

Foot Arthritis

  • Symptoms : Pain, stiffness, and swelling of the joints of the foot. May limit mobility and affect gait.
  • Causes : Joint wear and tear (osteoarthritis), autoimmune inflammation (rheumatoid arthritis), or other forms of arthritis.


  • Symptoms : Pain and tenderness around a tendon, worsened by movement.
  • Causes : Overuse, excessive strain, or repetitive injuries affecting the tendons of the foot.

Morton's neuroma

  • Symptoms : Sharp pain, burning sensation or electric shock in the sole of the foot. Often felt between the 3rd and 4th toes.
  • Causes : Compression and irritation of the nerves between the toes, often due to tight or high-heeled shoes.

Lenoir's spine (Heel spur)

  • Symptoms : Heel pain, particularly felt during the first steps after a period of rest.
  • Causes : Bony growth on the heel, often due to prolonged tension on the plantar fascia or repeated impact on the heel.

Radiating Pain (L4-L5, L5-S1)

  • Symptoms : Pain, numbness, or weakness radiating from the lower back to the foot.
  • Causes : Problems with the lumbar vertebrae, such as herniated disc or spinal stenosis, compressing the nerve roots.

Pelvic Misalignment/Misalignment

  • Symptoms : Pain and discomfort in the feet, legs and lower back. May affect gait and posture.
  • Causes : Muscular imbalance, injuries, or structural abnormalities leading to poor alignment of the pelvis.


Treatment Options for Foot Pain


Osteopathy offers a holistic approach to treating foot pain. She uses mobilization techniques to improve alignment and function of the foot. This may include joint manipulation, soft tissue release techniques, and advice on strengthening and stretching exercises.


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Laser Therapy

The laser therapy is effective in reducing inflammation and accelerating tissue healing. It is particularly useful for treating conditions such as tendinitis and plantar fasciitis. The laser promotes cell regeneration and can significantly reduce pain and inflammation.


Shock Wave Therapy

Shockwave therapy is a non-invasive method used to treat chronic conditions like plantar fasciitis. It uses acoustic waves to stimulate healing of damaged tissues, reduce pain and improve circulation.


Plantar orthoses

Foot orthotics are personalized devices designed to support and correct biomechanical imbalances in the foot. They help distribute weight evenly across the foot, reducing pressure on painful areas and improving overall alignment of the foot and ankle.


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Foot Prevention and Care

Choice of Suitable Shoes

Choosing the right shoes is crucial to preventing foot pain. Shoes should provide adequate support, good cushioning and enough room for the toes. Avoiding high heels and choosing shoes appropriate for the specific activity can reduce the risk of foot pain.


Maintaining a Healthy Body Weight

A healthy body weight helps reduce pressure and burden on the feet. Weight management through a balanced diet and regular physical activity can prevent the onset of foot pain, particularly in conditions related to being overweight.


Table of Foot Conditions and Their Treatments (With Addition of Pelvic Misalignment)

Foot Condition/Associated Problem Description Osteopathic Treatment Laser Therapy Treatment Shock Wave Therapy Plantar orthoses Spinal decompression therapy Effectiveness of Treatments
Plantar Fasciitis Inflammation of the band of tissue under the foot Mobilization, specific stretching Reduction of inflammation, pain Stimulation of healing, reduction of pain Arch support, posture correction Not specifically indicated High for all treatments
Diabetic Neuropathy Nerve damage due to diabetes Improved traffic flow Reduction of pain symptoms Not specifically indicated Reduction of pressure on sensitive areas Not specifically indicated Variable, depends on the stage
Hallux Valgus (Bunion) Big toe deformity Realignment, pressure relief Reduction of inflammation, pain Not specifically indicated Alignment correction, pressure distribution Not specifically indicated Medium to high
Foot Arthritis Inflammation of the joints of the foot Improved mobility, reduced pain Reduction of inflammation, pain Not specifically indicated Joint support, load reduction Not specifically indicated High for osteopathy and laser
Tendinitis Inflammation of the tendons of the foot Soft Tissue Release Techniques Acceleration of healing, reduction of pain Stimulation of healing, reduction of pain Support and stabilization Not specifically indicated High for all treatments
Morton's neuroma Nerve thickening on the sole of the foot Liberation techniques, mobilization Reduction of pain, inflammation Reduced pain, improved function Support and pressure reduction Not specifically indicated High, especially with a combined approach
Lenoir's spine (Heel spur) Bone growth on the heel Mobilization, release of soft tissues Reduction of inflammation, pain Stimulation of healing, reduction of pain Cushioning and heel support Not specifically indicated High for all treatments
Radiating Pain (L4-L5, L5-S1) Pain caused by lower back problems Lumbar mobilization techniques Reduction of pain symptoms Reduced pain, improved function Not specifically indicated Targeted treatment for lower back problems High for osteopathy and spinal decompression therapy
Pelvic Misalignment/Misalignment Pelvic imbalance affecting posture and walking Pelvic realignment, mobilization techniques Can be used to relieve secondary foot pain Not specifically indicated Posture correction and support Not specifically indicated High for osteopathy

Conclusion: Understanding and Managing Foot Pain

Summary of Knowledge on Foot Pain

Foot pain is a complex, multifactorial health problem that can have a significant impact on quality of life and mobility. As we've seen, it can be caused by a variety of factors, from sports injuries and medical conditions to posture problems and biomechanical imbalances. Each condition has its own characteristics and requires a specific treatment approach.


Importance of a Holistic Approach

Effective management of foot pain requires a holistic approach that considers not only the physical symptoms, but also the underlying factors and impacts on the patient's lifestyle. It often involves a combination of medical treatments, physical therapies, lifestyle modifications, and in some cases, changes in walking and posture habits.


Key Role of Prevention

Prevention plays a vital role in managing foot pain. This includes choosing appropriate footwear, maintaining a healthy body weight, and engaging in regular exercises to strengthen and stretch the muscles of the foot. Additionally, careful attention to foot hygiene and early recognition of symptoms can help prevent complications.


Future Outlook

With continued advances in the medical and therapeutic fields, new methods of treating and preventing foot pain continue to emerge. Ongoing research into personalized treatments and innovative technologies promises to further improve foot pain management strategies.



Foot pain, although challenging, can be managed effectively with an informed and proactive approach. Understanding the causes and symptoms, choosing appropriate treatments, and adopting preventative measures are essential to maintaining foot health and improving overall quality of life. It is important to consult qualified healthcare professionals for a diagnosis and personalized treatment plan.


  1. Plantar Fasciitis : Explore our effective treatments for plantar fasciitis of the Lenoir spine, a common cause of foot pain.
  2. Diabetic Neuropathy : Find out how we manage diabetic neuropathy and its effects on foot health.
  3. Hallux Valgus (Bunion) : Learn about our approaches to treatingHallux valgus, a common deformity of the foot.
  4. Foot Arthritis : Understand betterfoot arthritis and the treatment options available to relieve pain.
  5. Foot Tendonitis : Learn more about tendonitis in the foot and our methods to reduce inflammation and pain.
  6. Morton's neuroma : Consult our page on the Morton's neuroma for information on this painful foot condition.
  7. Heel Spur : Visit our section dedicated toHeel spur, a common cause of heel pain.
  8. Radiating Pain L4-L5 / L5-S1 : Find out how lower back problems can cause radiating foot pain.
  9. Basin Misalignment : Understand the impact of pelvic misalignment about foot health and treatment options.
  10. Plantar orthoses : Explore the benefits of Plantar orthoses personalized to correct imbalances and relieve foot pain.

Preparations for treating foot pain

  • Book your appointment online or contact our staff at the TAGMED clinic to book your appointment by phone.
  • Before going to the TAGMED clinic in Montreal or Terrebonne for your first treatment, there are some things you should absolutely do. First, make sure you have your medical imaging reports (X-ray, MRI, or ultrasound) available.
  • Also, make sure you are aware of the various possible risks and side effects associated with treatment at Tagmed Clinic. You should also take all necessary measures (ex. Apply ice to the inflamed area to ensure that your body is ready for further treatment.
  • Also, make sure you are aware of the various possible risks and side effects associated with treatment at Tagmed Clinic. You should also take all necessary measures (ex. Apply ice to the inflamed area to ensure that your body is ready for further treatment.
  • Finally, if you were unable to complete our form, as mentioned above, arrive 15 minutes before your appointment time to ensure you have enough time to discuss your condition, make the assessment and your treatment.

To be completed before your consultation at TAGMED clinic

Download, print and complete this questionnaire (your health history), before consulting us, in order to save time. (Click on the tablet!)

Clinical TAGMED Montréal Terrebonne


1150 rue Levis, suite 200, Terrebonne, QC, J6W 5S6
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