Spondylolisthesis is a medical condition that can affect the quality of life for many people. This involves the slippage of one vertebra in relation to the one below it, which can lead to a variety of symptoms, including pain and muscle weakness.


The aim of this blog post is to provide an in-depth understanding of spondylolisthesis, from its causes to the treatment options available. We will also explore the latest research and case studies to provide a comprehensive perspective on this condition.


Epidemiology and Etiology


Spondylolisthesis is relatively common, affecting approximately 5 to 71PT3T of the population. Prevalence can vary depending on various factors such as age, gender and ethnicity.


It is important to note that the condition is more common in older people due to natural wear and tear on the spine. Additionally, individuals engaged in certain physical activities such as gymnastics or lifting weights are also at risk.


Risk factors

Risk factors for spondylolisthesis include older age, certain high-impact physical activities, and pre-existing medical conditions like osteoporosis. Gender can also play a role; women are slightly more likely to develop this condition.


Other risk factors may be genetic or congenital. For example, a spinal deformity present from birth can increase the risk of developing spondylolisthesis later in life.


Types of spondylolisthesis

There are several types of spondylolisthesis, each with its own causes and characteristics. The isthmic type, for example, is often caused by a stress fracture of the pars interarticularis, a small region of the vertebra.


The degenerative type, on the other hand, is more common in older people and is usually the result of wear and breakdown of the discs and spinal joints. Other types include traumatic, pathological, and congenital spondylolisthesis, each requiring a specific diagnostic and therapeutic approach.


Anatomy and Pathophysiology

Anatomy of the spine

The spine is a complex structure made up of 33 vertebrae, separated by intervertebral discs. It is divided into different regions: cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacral and coccygeal. Each vertebra is made up of several parts, including the vertebral body, spinous processes, and facet joints.


Spondylolisthesis Tagmed Clinic Montreal Terrebonne


Understanding spinal anatomy is crucial to understanding the underlying mechanisms of spondylolisthesis. Facet joints, for example, play a key role in spinal stabilization and their degradation can contribute to vertebral slippage.


Underlying mechanisms

Spondylolisthesis can occur when the structures that hold the vertebrae in place become weak or damaged. This may be due to mechanical factors, such as repetitive stress, or pathological factors, such as infection or tumor.


The pathophysiological mechanisms vary depending on the type of spondylolisthesis. For example, in isthmic spondylolisthesis, a fracture of the pars interarticularis may result in vertebral slippage, while in the degenerative type, wear of the discs and facet joints may be the cause.


Symptoms and Diagnosis

Common symptoms

Symptoms of spondylolisthesis can vary in severity and type. The most common include lower back pain, stiffness and muscle weakness. Some patients may also experience radiating leg pain or numbness.


Spondylolisthesis Tagmed Clinic Montreal Terrebonne


It is important to note that some cases of spondylolisthesis may be asymptomatic, especially if caught early. This makes early diagnosis all the more crucial to avoid long-term complications.


Diagnostic methods

Diagnosis of spondylolisthesis usually begins with a complete clinical examination, including a detailed history and physical examination. Neurological tests may also be performed to assess muscle strength, reflexes and sensitivity.


Medical imaging techniques such as X-ray, MRI or CT scan are often necessary to confirm the diagnosis. These methods not only make it possible to visualize vertebral slippage, but also to assess the condition of surrounding structures such as discs and ligaments.


Treatment Options

Conservative approaches

Conservative approaches are often the first line of treatment for spondylolisthesis, especially for less severe cases. Osteopathy, for example, can help improve spinal mobility and reduce muscle tension, which can reduce pressure on the affected vertebrae.


Spondylolisthesis Tagmed Clinic Montreal Terrebonne


Medication, such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), may also be prescribed to manage pain. It is important to note that although these methods may be effective in relieving symptoms, they do not correct the underlying spinal slippage.


Interventional approaches

For more severe cases or those who do not respond to the treatment conservative, interventional approaches can be considered. Corticosteroid injections, for example, can offer temporary pain relief by reducing inflammation around the misaligned vertebra.


Surgery, such as spinal fusion, may be an option for extreme cases. This procedure aims to fuse the affected vertebrae to prevent further movement. However, it carries potential risks and complications and is generally considered a last option.


Alternative treatments

Alternative treatments such as osteopathy and Spinal decompression therapy are also explored by some patients. Osteopathy, for example, can help improve spinal mobility and reduce muscle tension.


Neurovertebral decompression is a non-surgical treatment method that is gaining popularity for the management of various spinal conditions, including spondylolisthesis. This technique uses a specialized device to apply a controlled traction force to the affected vertebrae, which can help reduce pressure on the spinal discs and spinal nerves.

Spondylolisthesis Tagmed Clinic Montreal Terrebonne


The first advantage of spinal decompression therapy is that it offers a less invasive alternative to traditional surgical methods like spinal fusion. The procedure is usually performed on an outpatient basis and does not require general anesthesia. This not only reduces the risks associated with surgery but also reduces recovery time. Patients can often return to normal activities more quickly, which is an important factor in quality of life.


Neurovertebral decompression is particularly useful for patients who have spondylolisthesis accompanied by neurological symptoms, such as radicular pain or numbness in the limbs. Decompression can help relieve these symptoms by reducing pressure on the affected nerves. It is essential that this method is integrated into an overall treatment plan, which may also include physiotherapy, medications and other interventions to maximize results.


However, it is crucial to note that spinal decompression therapy is not a one-size-fits-all solution and may not be appropriate for all cases of spondylolisthesis. A complete evaluation by qualified healthcare professionals is necessary to determine if this method is best for a given patient. Of the clinical studies and randomized trials are still needed to establish the long-term effectiveness of this technique, but preliminary results are promising.


Case Studies and Current Research

Review of scientific literature

Spondylolisthesis research is a constantly evolving field. Many studies have been published on the different types, treatment options and long-term results. A systematic literature review can provide valuable insights into current best practices.


It is also important to follow the latest publications to stay up to date on new diagnostic and treatment methods. This may include studies of new medications, innovative surgical techniques, or rehabilitation approaches.


Relevant case studies

The case studies provide unique perspectives on the diagnosis and treatment of spondylolisthesis. They can illustrate specific clinical scenarios, diagnostic challenges or therapeutic successes.


Analyzing these case studies can help understand the nuances of the condition and personalize treatment plans. They are particularly useful for healthcare professionals seeking to improve their clinical practice.



Spondylolisthesis is a complex medical condition that requires a multidisciplinary approach to its diagnosis and treatment. From epidemiology to pathophysiology, including treatment options, each aspect has its importance in the overall management of this condition.


It is crucial to understand that spondylolisthesis can have significant impacts on patients' quality of life. Therefore, a comprehensive assessment and personalized treatment plan are essential to alleviate symptoms and improve function.


Recommendations for Patients

For patients, it is recommended to consult a healthcare professional as soon as symptoms appear. Early treatment can prevent complications and improve long-term outcomes. It is also advisable to carefully follow treatment guidelines and actively participate in rehabilitation.


Published research/studies in Spinal Decompression Therapy


Download the research that has been published regarding spinal decompression therapy:


Spondylolisthesis Tagmed Clinic Montreal Terrebonne


FREE special report on spinal decompression to download

Spondylolisthesis Tagmed Clinic Montreal Terrebonne


To find out more about non-surgical spinal decompression therapy, please visit our specialized websites:



Preparations for spinal decompression therapy treatment for spondylolisthesis

  • Book your appointment online or contact our staff at the TAGMED clinic to book your appointment by phone.
  • Before going to the TAGMED clinic in Montreal or Terrebonne for your first treatment, there are some things you should absolutely do. First, make sure you have your medical imaging reports (X-ray, MRI, or ultrasound) available.
  • Also, make sure you are aware of the various possible risks and side effects associated with treatment at Tagmed Clinic. You should also take all necessary measures (ex. Apply ice to the inflamed area to ensure that your body is ready for further treatment.
  • Also, make sure you are aware of the various possible risks and side effects associated with treatment at Tagmed Clinic. You should also take all necessary measures (ex. Apply ice to the inflamed area to ensure that your body is ready for further treatment.
  • Finally, if you were unable to complete our form, as mentioned above, arrive 15 minutes before your appointment time to ensure you have enough time to discuss your condition, make the assessment and your treatment.

To be completed before your consultation at TAGMED clinic

Download, print and complete this questionnaire (your health history), before consulting us, in order to save time. (Click on the tablet!)


1150 rue Levis, suite 200, Terrebonne, QC, J6W 5S6
 (450) 704-4447


1140 ave Beaumont, Mont-Royal, QC, H3P 3E5